Known as one of the most toxigenic species of mold: Macrocyclic trichothecenes: verrucarin J, roridin E, satratoxin F, G & H, sporidesmin G, trichoverrol; cyclosporins, stachybotryolactone.
Stachybotrys mycotoxicosis: human toxicosis has been described; may be characterized by dermatitis, cough, rhinitis, itching or burning sensation in mouth, throat, nasal passages and eyes. The best-described toxicoses are from domestic animals that have eaten contaminated hay and straw or inhaled infected material from contaminated bedding.
Grows well indoors on wet general cellulose surfaces such as wallboard, jute, wicker, straw baskets.
Often found growing on Soil, decaying plant substrates, decomposing cellulose (hay, straw), leaf litter, and seeds. Growth not influenced by soil pH or copper; growth enhanced by manure.
The term black mold (also “toxic black mold”) is not scientific but is widely used by the media to usually reference Stachybotrys molds.
Rare cases reported, none of which have been directly linked to stachybotrys.
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Not well studied. Type I allergies reported
Distinctive. Direct samples are preferred over culturable methods because Stachybotrys sometimes will not grow in culture.
Grows well on wet general cellulose surfaces but is slow. It also has 15+ specials and can be found everywhere
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